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Das Königshaus von Portugal — Ferdinand von Portugal (1402-1443), Abt im Zisterzienserorden in Avis

Ferdinand von Portugal (1402-1443), Abt im Zisterzienserorden in Avis, der fünfte legitime Sohn des portugiesischen Königs João I. (oder Johann I.) (1357-1433) und seiner Gattin Philippa von England (1360-1415)

The fatal expedition to Tangier in 1437: "This expedition was the natural sequel of the expedition to Ceuta, and was undertaken in opposition to the advice of the Pope, and of Dom Pedro [von Portugal] [seinem älteren Bruder]. It was entirely the result of the earnest solicitations of the king’s favourite brother, Dom Ferdinand [von Portugal]. This pious young prince burned with crusading ardour; his one longing in life was to fight the infidels, and he could not appreciate the fact that Dom Henry [ein anderer Bruder von ihm] was doing far greater work for the world in exploring the coast of Africa, than in killing Mohammedans. The ardour of Dom Ferdinand won the day, and King Edward [sein ältester Bruder] collected a fleet and army in the Tagus, and sailed for the coast of Africa. The object of the attack was Tangier and it was most foolishly chosen. Ceuta was on the sea coast, and the Portuguese soldiers could use their fleet as a base of operations, and could retreat to it in case of need; whereas Tangier was three miles from the coast. As might have been foretold, when King Edward with his eight thousand Portuguese soldiers formed the siege of Tangier, the Moors at once cut off his communication with the fleet, and in three days the Portuguese army was reduced to extremities. It was only by Dom Ferdinand’s willing sacrifice of himself as hostage, that the troops were allowed to return to their ships and find their way back to Lisbon. This disaster and the captivity of his favourite brother so preyed upon King Edward’s mind that he died in 1438. His death was happier than that of Dom Ferdinand, who, after a long and cruel imprisonment, borne with such heroic patience and exemplary piety, as to win for him the title of 'the Constant Prince,' died at Fez in 1443." (in: H. Morse Stephens: The Story of Portugal, id., p. 128).

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